Notes for P&L
All amounts in SEKm unless otherwise stated
Note 1 Accounting and valuation policies
General accounting policies
The consolidated annual accounts were prepared in compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and with interpretations issued by the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) as approved by the European Union (EU). Recommendation RFR 1 Supplementary Accounting Rules for Groups, issued by the Swedish Financial Reporting Board, was also applied.
The annual accounts of the Parent Company were prepared in accordance with the Swedish Annual Accounts Act (1995:1554) and recommendation RFR 2 Accounting for Legal Entities issued by the Swedish Financial Reporting Board.
The Parent Company's and the Group's accounting policies are consistent with each other, except in the case of reporting pensions, untaxed reserves and appropriations. See also "Accounting policies of the Parent Company".
The Board approved the Parent Company's annual report and the Group's consolidated financial statements for publication on 19 June 2013. The Parent Company's and Group's respective income statements and balance sheets will be submitted for adoption to the Annual General Meeting on 28 August 2013.
Presentation of the annual report
The financial reports are stated in million Swedish kronor (SEK million) unless otherwise specified. The Parent Company's functional currency is the Swedish krona, as is the presentation currency for the Parent Company and the Group. Assets and liabilities are recognised at historical cost, except for certain financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value. Assets held for sale are recognised at the lower of the previous carrying amount and fair value, less selling expenses.
Preparing financial reports according to IFRS requires that management makes judgements and estimates as well as assumptions that affect the application of the accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are based on historical experience and numerous other factors deemed reasonable under the circumstances at the time. Estimates and assumptions are reviewed periodically.
The annual accounts were prepared in compliance with IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements, such that separate income statements and balance sheets, as well as statements of other comprehensive income, financial position, changes in shareholders' equity and cash flow, are prepared and notes are provided that detail the accounting policies and disclosures applied.
Assets are divided into current assets and non-current assets. An asset is considered current if it is expected to be realised within 12 months of the end of the reporting period or within the Company's operating cycle. 'Operating cycle' refers to the time elapsed from the start of production until the Company receives payment for goods or services delivered. The Group's operating cycle is judged to be less than one year.
If an asset does not fulfil the current asset criterion, it is classified as a non-current asset.
Receivables and liabilities, as well as income and expenses, are offset only if required or if expressly permitted under IFRS.
Liabilities are divided into current liabilities and non-current liabilities. Current liabilities are liabilities to be paid within 12 months of the end of the reporting period or, in the case of operating liabilities only, that are expected to be paid within the operating cycle. As this takes into account the operating cycle, no non-interest-bearing liabilities, such as accounts payable or accrued staff costs, are recognised as non-current liabilities.
Early application of IFRSs and interpretations issued or revised during Addtech's 2012/2013 financial year
No newly issued IFRSs or interpretations were applied early.
New or revised IFRSs applied during the 2012/2013 financial year
Revised IFRSs and interpretations issued by the IFRS Interpretations Committee have not had any effect on the financial statements of the Group or Parent Company.
New or revised IFRSs that will be applied during periods ahead
The revised IAS 19, Employee benefits, is applicable as of 1 April 2013. The change involves the disappearance of the alternative of deferring actuarial gains and losses according to the corridor method. The standard also contains new rules regarding the recognition of special employer's contribution. As of 1 April 2013, Addtech's pension liabilities, which are recognised in the balance sheet, will thus increase by around SEK 39 million. Equity will decrease by around SEK 26 million.
As of 2013/2014, the new IFRS 13 standard, Fair Value Measurement, and amendments to IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: disclosures, will be applied. The changes involve the addition of further disclosures.
Other new or revised IFRSs or interpretations issued that come into force during or after the coming 2013/2014 financial year are not judged to have any material effect on Addtech's financial statements besides the increased disclosure requirements.
Consolidated financial statements
The consolidated financial statements comply with IAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements and IFRS 3 Business Combinations and include the annual accounts for the Parent Company and those companies in which the Parent Company directly or indirectly has a controlling interest. Such controlling interest exists when the Parent Company, directly or indirectly, is entitled to determine a company's financial and operative strategies to obtain economic benefits. Normally this means that the Parent Company holds more than 50 percent of the voting rights of the interests. Shareholdings in Group companies are eliminated using the acquisition method. In brief, this means that identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities in the company acquired are measured and recognised in the consolidated financial statements as if they had been acquired directly by purchase and not indirectly by acquisition of the company's shares. The valuation is based on fair values. If the value of the net assets is less than the acquisition price, consolidated goodwill arises. If the opposite occurs, the difference is recognised directly in profit or loss. Goodwill is determined in local currency and is recognised at cost, less any impairment losses. Consolidated equity includes the Parent Company's equity and the portion of subsidiaries' equity earned after the time of acquisition. Companies acquired or disposed of are consolidated or deconsolidated, respectively, from the date of acquisition or disposal.
Contingent considerations are measured at fair value at the time of the transaction and are subsequently revalued on each reporting occasion. Effects of the revaluation are recognised as income or expense in consolidated profit or loss. In the Parent Company, a change in liability for an additional consideration affects the value of interests in subsidiaries. Transaction costs in conjunction with acquisitions are expensed; capitalisation only takes place in the Parent Company. It is now possible for a holding that is not a controlling interest to be measured at fair value upon acquisition, which means that goodwill is included in non-controlling interests. Alternatively, non-controlling interests constitute part of net assets. The choice is determined individually for each acquisition.
Intra-Group receivables and liabilities and transactions between companies in the Group, as well as related unrealised gains, are wholly eliminated. Unrealised losses are eliminated in the same way as unrealised gains, except in the case of impairment.
Exchange rate effects
Translation of the financial reports of foreign Group companies
Assets and liabilities in foreign operations, including goodwill and other surpluses and deficits on consolidation, are converted to Swedish kronor using the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the reporting period. Income and expenses in foreign businesses are converted to Swedish kronor using the average rate, which is an approximation of the rates prevailing at the time of each transaction. Translation differences resulting from the conversion of foreign operations' accounts are recognised through other comprehensive income in the foreign currency translation reserve in equity. This reserve contains translation differences accumulated from 1 April 2004, when IFRS were adopted.
Transactions denominated in foreign currencies
A transaction denominated in a foreign currency is converted to the functional currency at the rate of exchange on the transaction date. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are converted to the functional currency using the rate prevailing at the end of the reporting period. Non-monetary assets and liabilities recognised at historical cost are converted using the exchange rate at the time of the transaction. Exchange differences that arise in conversion are recognised in profit or loss. Exchange differences on operating receivables and operating liabilities are included in operating profit or loss, while exchange differences on financial receivables and liabilities are recognised among financial items. The Group uses forward foreign exchange contracts to a certain extent to reduce its exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. Forward foreign exchange contracts are recognised at fair value at the end of the reporting period.
Financial assets and liabilities, recognition and derecognition
Financial instruments recognised among assets in the balance sheet include cash and cash equivalents, loan receivables, accounts receivable, financial investments and derivatives. The liabilities include accounts payable, loans payable, contingent considerations and derivatives. A financial asset or financial liability is recognised in the balance sheet when the Company becomes a party to the terms and conditions of the instrument. Accounts receivable are recognised in the balance sheet when an invoice has been sent. A liability is recognised when the counterparty has completed its undertaking and a contractual obligation to pay exists, even if no invoice has yet been received. A financial asset (or part thereof) is removed from the balance sheet when the rights in the contract are realised or expire or the Company loses control over them. A financial liability (or part thereof) is removed from the balance sheet when the obligation in the contract is fulfilled or in some other way ceases to exist. A financial asset and a financial liability are only offset and recognised at the net amount in the balance sheet when the Company is legally entitled to offset their amounts and the Company intends to settle the items with a net amount or simultaneously realise the asset and settle the liability.
Financial assets and liabilities, measurement and classification
Financial instruments are measured and recognised in the Group as per IAS 39.
A financial instrument that is not a derivative is initially recognised at cost, equivalent to the instrument's fair value plus transaction costs; this applies to all financial instruments except those in the category of financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss. At initial recognition, a financial instrument is classified based on the purpose for which it was acquired. The classification determines how the financial instrument is measured after initial recognition, as described below.
Financial instruments measured at fair value are classified in a hierarchy based on the origin of the inputs used in the evaluation. At level 1 are financial instruments with a price quoted in an active market. Level 2 comprises financial instruments whose value is determined based on observable market data, though not prices quoted in an active market. Level 3 includes using inputs, such as cash-flow analyses, not based on observable market data.
Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value through profit or loss
This category consists of two subgroups: financial assets and liabilities held for trading, and other financial assets and liabilities that the Company initially chose to place in this category. The first group includes derivatives unless they are designated hedging instruments. The other group contains contingent considerations in conjunction with acquisitions of subsidiaries.
Accounts receivable and loan receivables
Loan receivables and accounts receivable are financial assets that are not derivatives, with fixed payments or with payments that can be determined, and that are not quoted on an active market. Assets in this category are measured at amortised cost.
Accounts receivable are recognised at the amount expected to be recovered, after deduction for doubtful receivables, assessed individually. The expected maturities of accounts receivable are short, so they are recognised at nominal amounts without discounting. Impairment losses on accounts receivable are recognised in operating expenses.
Available-for-sale financial assets
This category comprises financial assets not classified in any other category or financial assets that the Company initially chose to classify in this category. Shares and interests not recognised as subsidiaries, associates or joint ventures are recognised here. Assets in this category are measured on a current basis at fair value, with changes in value recognised directly in other comprehensive income, except for changes attributable to impairment losses. However, holdings that are unquoted and of which the fair value cannot be calculated reliably are recognised at cost.
Other financial liabilities
Loans and other financial liabilities, such as accounts payable, are included in this category. These liabilities are measured at amortised cost. Accounts payable are measured at nominal amounts without discounting.
Derivatives and hedge accounting
Derivative instruments include currency clauses, forward foreign exchange contracts, currency options, currency swaps and interest rate caps used to cover the risk of foreign exchange rate fluctuations and exposure to interest rate risk. An embedded derivative, for example a currency clause, is disclosed separately unless closely related to its host contract. Derivatives are initially recognised at fair value, so transaction costs are charged to profit or loss for the period. After the initial recognition, the derivative instrument is measured at fair value according to the following: changes in value of derivative instruments are recognised in profit or loss based on purpose of the holding. When a derivative is used in hedge accounting, changes in a derivative's value are recognised in profit or loss on the same line and at the same time as the item it is hedging.
Even if hedge accounting does not apply, increases and decreases in the value of a derivative are recognised as income and expense, respectively, in operating profit or loss or in net financial items, based on the intended use of the derivative and whether or not its use is related to an operating item or a financial item.
In hedge accounting, the ineffective portion is recognised in the same way as changes in the value of derivatives not used for hedge accounting.
Transaction exposure - cash flow hedges
Foreign currency exposure related to future contractual and
forecasted flows is hedged either with currency clauses in customer
and supplier contracts or by forward foreign exchange contracts or
currency options. These derivatives, which protect the forecasted
flow, are recognised in the balance sheet at fair value. Where
hedge accounting applies, changes in value are recognised through
other comprehensive income in the hedging reserve until the hedged
flow enters the income statement, whereupon the accumulated changes
in value of the hedging instrument are transferred to the income
statement, where they will meet and match the impact of the hedged
transaction on earnings.
Net investments in foreign subsidiaries
Investments in foreign subsidiaries (net assets including goodwill) are currently not hedged.
Financial assets and liabilities, classification
Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents consists of cash and funds immediately available in banks and equivalent institutions, as well as short-term liquid investments that mature within three months of the time of acquisition and are subject to only a negligible risk of fluctuation in value.
Financial assets and investments
Financial assets are classified either as non-current financial assets or current investments, depending on the purpose of the holding. If the maturity or the anticipated holding period is longer than one year, such financial assets are considered non-current assets; if shorter than one year, current investments.
Non-current receivables and other current receivables
Non-current receivables and other current receivables are receivables that arise when the Company provides funds without intending to trade in the resulting receivable. If the anticipated holding period is longer than one year, the receivable is a non-current receivable; if shorter, an other current receivable.
Non-current liabilities have an anticipated term exceeding one year, while current liabilities have a term of less than one year.
Property, plant and equipment
Property, plant and equipment are recognised in accordance with
IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment at cost, less accumulated
depreciation and any impairment losses. The cost comprises the
purchase price, including customs and excise duties, as well as
costs directly attributable to the asset to bring it to the
location in such condition that it can be used as intended by the
acquisition. Discounts and the like are deducted from the purchase
price. Examples of directly attributable costs included in the cost
are shipping and handling, installation, legal ratification and
Borrowing costs are also capitalised in the cost of qualifying assets. The Group does not normally have qualifying assets.
Additional expenditure for an item of property, plant and equipment is only added to the cost if it increases the future economic benefits. All other expenditure, such as expenditure for repair and maintenance, is expensed on a current basis. A decisive factor as to when an incremental expenditure should be added to the cost is whether the expenditure refers to the replacement of identified components or parts thereof, in which case the expenditure is capitalised. Also, if a new component has been created, the expenditure is added to the cost. Any undepreciated carrying amounts for replaced components, or parts of components, are retired and expensed in conjunction with the replacement.
Any impairment is reported as per IAS 36 Impairment of Assets.
Depreciation is effected on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life and taking account of any residual value at the end of that period.
Property, plant and equipment comprising parts that have different useful lives are treated as separate components.
The carrying amount of an item of property, plant and equipment is removed from the balance sheet upon retirement or disposal of the asset, or when no future economic benefits are expected to be derived from its use. Gains or losses realised upon the disposal or retirement of an asset consist of the difference between the selling price and the carrying amount of the asset, less direct selling expenses. Gains or losses are recognised as other operating income or other operating expense.
|Property, plant and equipment||Useful life|
|Leasehold improvements||3–5 years|
|Land improvements||20 years|
IAS 17 Leases differentiates between finance and operating leases. A finance lease is characterised by the lessee assuming, in all essential respects, the economic benefits and risks associated with ownership of the asset. If that is not the case, the lease is regarded as an operating lease.
Significant finance leases are recognised as non-current assets, initially valued at the present value of the minimum lease payments when the agreement was entered into. On the liabilities side, the present value of remaining future lease payments is recognised as interest-bearing non-current and current liabilities. The asset is depreciated over its useful life, usually corresponding to the lease period, taking into account any residual value at the end of the period. Impairment is tested in accordance with IAS 36 Impairment of Assets.
Lease payments are divided into interest and amortisation of the liability. Other lease obligations are recognised as per rules for operating leases, such that lease payments are charged as an operating expense on a straight-line basis during the lease period.
Intangible non-current assets
Intangible non-current assets are recognised in accordance with IAS 38 Intangible Assets at cost, less accumulated amortisation, and are divided between goodwill and other intangible non-current assets. Any impairment of intangible assets is recognised as per IAS 36 Impairment of Assets.
An intangible asset is an identifiable non-monetary asset, without physical substance, that is used for marketing, producing or supplying goods or services, or for rental and administration. To be recognised as an asset, it must be probable that the future economic benefits attributable to the asset will benefit the Company and that the (acquisition) cost can be calculated reliably.
Additional expenditure for an intangible asset is only added to the cost if it increases future economic benefits beyond the original assessment and if the expenditure can be calculated reliably. All other expenditure is expensed as it is incurred.
Goodwill represents the difference between the cost, in connection with a business combination, and the fair value of acquired assets, assumed liabilities and contingent liabilities.
For acquisitions completed before 1 April 2004, goodwill has been recognised, after testing for impairment, at a cost corresponding to the carrying amount as per previous accounting policies. The classification and accounting treatment of business combinations that occurred before 1 April 2004 were not reassessed based on IFRS 3 when the Group's opening balance as of 1 April 2004 was calculated in accordance with IFRS.
Goodwill and intangible non-current assets with indefinable useful lives are measured at cost, less any accumulated impairment losses. Goodwill and intangible non-current assets with indefinable useful lives are allocated among cash-generating units and are not amortised but are tested for impairment on an annual basis.
Intangible assets aside from goodwill are recognised at their original cost, less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses.
Borrowing costs are also capitalised in the cost of qualifying assets. The Group does not normally have qualifying assets.
Amortisation is charged primarily on a straight-line basis and is based on the useful lives of the assets, which are reviewed on an annual basis. An asset's useful life is based on historical experience of use of similar assets, areas of application and other specific features of the asset.
Amortisation is included in cost of sales, selling expenses or administrative expenses, depending on where in the business the assets are used.
Expenditure for development, in which the results of research or other knowledge are applied to achieve new or improved products or processes, is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet if the product is technically and commercially viable and the Company has sufficient resources to complete development and subsequently use or sell the intangible asset. Other development expenditure is expensed as it is incurred.
Expenditure for internally generated goodwill and trademarks is recognised in profit or loss as an expense as it is incurred.
|Intangible non-current assets||Useful life|
|Capitalised development projects||3 years|
|Customer relationships||5–10 years|
|Supplier relationships||10–33 years|
|Software for IT operations||3–5 years|
Property, plant and equipment,
intangible assets and interests in subsidiaries and
The carrying amounts of Group assets are tested as soon as there is indication that the asset in question has decreased in value. If such indication exists, impairment is determined after calculating the recoverable amount of the asset, which is the higher of an asset's value in use and its fair value. Impairment loss is recognised if the recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount. The value in use is calculated as the present value of future payments that the Company is expected to receive by using the asset. The estimated residual value at the end of the useful life is included in the value in use. If the recoverable amount of an individual asset cannot be determined, the recoverable amount is set at the recoverable amount for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. A cash-generating unit is the smallest group of assets that give rise to continuous payment surpluses independent of other assets or groups of assets. Goodwill on consolidation is attributable to the cash-generating unit to which the goodwill is linked. Impairment losses are reversed when the impairment, wholly or partly, no longer exists. However, this does not apply to goodwill or intangible non-current assets with indefinable useful lives.
For goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinable useful lives and for intangible assets not yet ready for use, the recoverable amount is calculated annually.
When accounts are prepared for reporting, the Company assesses whether there is objective evidence that any financial asset or group of assets is impaired. The recoverable amount of loan receivables and accounts receivable recognised at amortised cost is calculated as the present value of future cash flows discounted by the effective interest rate prevailing when the asset was first recognised. Assets with short maturities are not discounted. Impairment losses are charged to the income statement.
Inventories, that is, raw materials and finished goods for resale, are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value, hence taking into account the risk of obsolescence. The cost is calculated using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) principle or weighted average prices.
In the case of finished and semi-finished goods manufactured in-house, the cost consists of direct manufacturing costs and a reasonable portion of indirect manufacturing costs. Normal capacity utilisation is taken into account in valuation.
Addtech's overriding goal is to achieve growth combined with profitability. Addtech's objective is earnings growth of at least 15 percent annually over the course of a business cycle. The profitability of each individual unit, the relationship between operating profit and working capital (P/WC), shall amount to at least 45 percent. P/WC encourages high operating profit and low levels of tied-up capital. When combined with the growth target of 15 percent, this provides conditions for profitable growth. Working capital is defined as the average of inventories and accounts receivable, less accounts payable.
No expressed measure related to shareholders' equity is used internally. Externally, Addtech's objective is to have a robust equity ratio.
Addtech's dividend policy involves a payout ratio exceeding 50 percent of consolidated average profit after tax over a business cycle.
Repurchasing treasury shares occurs, and the Board normally proposes obtaining a mandate to repurchase treasury shares, which involves acquiring an amount of shares such that Addtech's own holding at no time exceeds 10 percent of all shares in the Company. The purpose of the repurchase is to provide the Board with increased scope for action in its work with the Company's capital structure, to enable the use of repurchased shares as payment in acquisitions, and to secure the Company's commitments in existing incentive programmes.
When treasury shares are repurchased, the entire consideration reduces retained earnings. Proceeds from the disposal of equity instruments are recognised as an increase in retained earnings, as are any transaction costs.
Employee benefits are recognised in the consolidated financial statements as per IAS 19 Employee Benefits.
Employee benefits after termination of employment, pension obligations
Addtech has defined benefit pension plans in Sweden and Norway. In these plans, a pension is determined mainly by the salary received at the time of retirement. The plans cover many employees, but some defined contribution plans also apply. Subsidiaries in other countries in the Group mainly have defined contribution pension plans.
The recommendation differentiates between defined contribution pension plans and defined benefit pension plans. In defined contribution plans, the Company pays stipulated fees to a separate legal entity and has no obligation to pay additional fees. Costs are charged to the Group's profit or loss at the rate at which the benefits are earned. In defined benefit pension plans, benefits are paid to current and former employees based on their salary upon retirement and the number of years of service. The Group bears the risk for payment of promised benefits.
The Group's net obligation to defined benefit plans is calculated individually for each plan by estimating future benefits that employees have earned through employment in current and previous periods. These benefits are discounted to a present value, and any unreported costs related to service in previous periods and the fair value of any plan assets are deducted.
Defined-benefit pension plans are both funded and unfunded. When a plan is funded, its assets have been separated into plan assets. These plan assets can only be used for payments of benefits as per the pension agreements. The net value of the estimated present value of the obligations and the fair value of plan assets is recognised in the balance sheet, either as a provision or as a non-current financial receivable. When a surplus in a plan cannot be fully utilised, only the portion of the surplus that the Company can recover through reduced future fees or repayments is recognised. A surplus in one plan is only offset by a deficit in another plan if the Company is entitled to utilise a surplus in one plan to settle a deficit in another plan, or if the obligations are intended to be settled on a net basis.
The pension cost and pension obligation for defined benefit pension plans are calculated using the Projected Unit Credit Method. This method distributes the cost of pensions at the rate at which employees perform services for the Company that increase their rights to future benefits. The aim is to expense expected future pension payouts in a manner that provides an even cost over the employee's period of employment. This calculation takes into account anticipated future salary increases and anticipated inflation. The Company's obligation is calculated annually by independent actuaries. The discount rate used is equivalent to the interest rate on high-quality corporate bonds or government bonds with a maturity equivalent to the average maturity of the obligation and currency. For Swedish pension liabilities, the interest rate for Swedish housing bonds is used as a basis and for Norwegian pension liabilities, the interest rate for Norwegian corporate bonds is used.
Actuarial gains and losses may arise when establishing the obligation's present value and fair value on plan assets. These may arise either because the actual outcome differs from previously made assumptions, or because assumptions were changed. To avoid major changes in pension costs between years, changes within certain limits (the 'corridor') are disregarded in the income statement and balance sheet. With the corridor, actuarial gains and losses affect consolidated profit/loss only to the extent they exceed the higher of 10 percent of the present value of the pension obligation and 10 percent of the fair value of the plan assets. The portion of the accumulated actuarial gains and losses, at the end of the previous year, that exceeds 10 percent of the greater of the present value of the obligations and the fair value of plan assets is recognised in profit/loss during the expected average remaining service period of the employees covered by the plan. The reported return on plan assets refers to the return estimated at the start of the year and therefore normally differs from the actual return during the year. The difference is an actuarial gain or loss.
A portion of the Group's defined benefit pension obligations has been financed through premiums to Alecta. The required information cannot be obtained from Alecta, so these pension obligations are reported as a defined contribution pension plan.
When the cost of a pension is determined differently in a legal entity than in the Group, a provision or claim for taxes on pension costs is recognised, such as a special employer's contribution for Swedish companies based on this difference. The present value for the provision or claim is not calculated.
Benefits upon termination of employment
A cost for benefits in conjunction with termination of employment is recognised only if there is a formal, detailed plan to terminate employment prior to the normal date.
Short-term benefits to employees are calculated without discounting and are recognised as an expense when the related services are performed.
A provision for the expected costs of bonus disbursements is recognised when the Group has a valid legal or informal obligation to make such payments as a result of services received from employees and where the obligation can be calculated reliably.
Share-based incentive programmes
The Group's share-based incentive programmes make it possible for senior management to purchase shares in the Company. The employees have paid a market premium for call options on Class B shares. The programme includes a subsidy so that the employee receives the same sum as the option premium paid in the form of cash payment, i.e. salary. This subsidy shall be paid two years after the issue decision, providing that the option holder is still employed in the Group and owns call options at that time. The subsidy, and related social security costs, is distributed as employee benefits expense over the vesting period. Addtech has no obligation to repurchase the options when an employee terminates employment. The holder can redeem the options irrespective of future employment at the Group. See also Note 6.
Provisions and contingent liabilities
A provision is recognised in the balance sheet when the Company has a formal or informal obligation as a result of a transpired event, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be estimated reliably. If the effect is material, the provision is based on a present value calculation.
Provisions are made for future costs resulting from warranty undertakings. The calculation is based on expenditure during the financial year for similar undertakings or the estimated costs for each undertaking.
Provisions for restructuring costs are recognised when a detailed restructuring plan has been adopted and the restructuring has either begun or been announced.
Contingent liabilities are recognised when a possible undertaking exists stemming from past events and the existence of the undertaking is confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not entirely within the Company's control. Other obligations are also recognised as contingent liabilities if they result from past events but are not recognised as a liability or provision because it is unlikely that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the undertaking or because the size of the undertaking cannot be determined with sufficient accuracy.
Sales revenue and revenue from projects in progress are recognised as per IAS 18 Revenue. The fair value of what has been received, or what will be received, is recognised as sales revenue. Deductions are made for value-added tax, returns, discounts and price reductions. Revenue from sales of goods is recognised when certain requirements have been met. These requirements are that material risks and benefits associated with ownership of the goods have been transferred to the purchaser, that the selling company does not retain any involvement in ongoing administration nor does it exert any real control over the goods sold, that the revenue can be calculated reliably, that it is likely that the economic benefits that the Company will obtain from the transaction will accrue to the Company, and that the expenses that have arisen or are expected to arise as a result of the transaction can be calculated reliably.
Revenue from projects in progress is recognised in increments as projects are completed. The degree of completion is determined on the basis of accumulated project expenses at the end of the period as a proportion of estimated total project expenses. If future costs to complete a project are estimated to exceed remaining revenue, a provision is made for estimated losses.
Lease revenue is recognised on a straight-line basis in profit or loss based on the terms of the lease.
Finance income and costs
Interest income on receivables and interest expense on liabilities are computed using the effective interest method. The effective rate is the interest rate that makes the present value of all future receipts and payments during the period of fixed interest equal to the carrying amount of the receivable or liability. Interest income includes accrued rebates, premiums and other differences between the original value of the receivable and the amount received upon maturity. Interest and dividends are recognised as income when it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will accrue to the Company and that the income can be calculated reliably.
Income tax is recognised as per IAS 12 Income Taxes. Tax is recognised in profit or loss, except when the underlying transaction is recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case the associated tax effect is also recognised in other comprehensive income or equity. Current tax refers to tax that is to be paid or refunded for the current year. This also includes adjustments of current tax attributable to prior periods.
Deferred tax is calculated using the liability method based on temporary differences between carrying amounts and tax bases of assets and liabilities. The amounts are calculated depending on how the temporary differences are expected to be settled and by applying the tax rates and tax rules enacted or announced at the end of the reporting period. Temporary differences are not taken into account in Group goodwill, nor in differences attributable to interests in subsidiaries or associates owned by Group companies outside Sweden that are not expected to be taxed in the foreseeable future. In the consolidated financial statements, untaxed reserves are allocated to deferred tax liability and equity. Deferred tax assets related to deductible temporary differences and tax loss carry-forwards are only recognised to the extent it is likely they will reduce tax payments in the future.
The Group's operations are described in accordance with IFRS 8 Operating Segments. Assets and liabilities as well as income and expenses are attributed to the segment where they are used, earned and consumed, respectively. The operating segment's earnings are monitored by the highest executive decision-maker, i.e. the CEO of Addtech.
The division into operating segments is based on the business area organisation, by which the Group's operations are managed and monitored. These are Addtech Components, Addtech Energy, Addtech Industrial Solutions and Addtech Life Science. Operations that do not belong to these areas of operation are included under the heading Parent Company and Group items.
As of 1 April 2012, a minor reorganisation has been implemented in the Group. A number of subsidiaries have been moved between the business areas Addtech Components, Addtech Energy and Addtech Industrial Solutions. The Addtech Life Science business area has not been affected by the reorganisation. The business area that was formerly Addtech Energy & Equipment changed names to Addtech Energy in connection thereto.
Earnings per share
Addtech discloses earnings per share (EPS) in direct connection with the income statement.
Calculation of EPS is based on consolidated profit or loss for the year attributable to Parent Company shareholders and on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. To calculate diluted EPS, the average number of shares is adjusted to take into account the effect of potentially dilutive ordinary shares that, during the periods reported, result from options awarded to employees.
Cash flow statement
In preparing the cash flow statement, the indirect method was applied as per IAS 7 Statement of Cash Flows. In addition to flows of cash and bank funds, current investments maturing within three months of the acquisition date that can be converted into bank deposits at an amount known beforehand are classified as cash and cash equivalents.
Events after the reporting period
Events that occurred after the reporting period but whose circumstances were identifiable at the end of the reporting period are included in the reporting. If significant events occurred after the reporting period but did not affect the recognised results of operations or financial position, the event is disclosed under a separate heading in the administration report and in a note.
Related party disclosures
Information about transactions and agreements with closely related companies and natural persons is disclosed in accordance with IAS 24 Related Party Disclosures. In the consolidated financial statements, intra-Group transactions fall outside this reporting requirement.
Changes in accounting policies
When there is a change in accounting policy, the current period, previous period and accumulated amount per the opening of the comparative period are restated, unless otherwise prescribed by IAS 8 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors. If a change in accounting policy affects equity, the effect is recognised on a separate line in the statement of changes in equity.
Government grants refers to support from the government in the form of transfers of resources to a company in exchange for the company fulfilling (in the past or future) certain conditions regarding its operations.
The Group is active in areas where government grants are insignificant in scope.
The Swedish Annual Accounts Act requires more information than IFRS, including information about the gender of the Board of Directors and management.
Data on gender distribution refer to the situation at the end of the reporting period. 'Members of the Board of Directors' are directors, elected by a general meeting of shareholders, in the Parent Company and in Group companies. 'Members of senior management' are people in Group management, Managing Directors and vice MDs at Group companies.
Accounting policies of the Parent Company
The Parent Company applies the same accounting policies as the Group does, except where the Swedish Annual Accounts Act and the Swedish Act on Safeguarding Pension Obligations prescribe different procedures for the Parent Company.
The Parent Company prepared its annual accounts in accordance with the Swedish Annual Accounts Act (1995:1554) and recommendation RFR 2 Accounting for Legal Entities, from the Swedish Financial Reporting Board. RFR 2 prescribes that, in the annual accounts for its legal entity, the Parent Company shall apply all EU-approved IFRSs and standard interpretations to the greatest extent possible within the scope of the Annual Accounts Act and taking account of the relationship between reporting and taxation. The recommendation specifies which exceptions from and additions to IFRSs must be made.
Interests in Group companies are recognised in the Parent Company using the cost method, which means that transaction costs are included in the carrying amount for holdings in subsidiaries. Any changes in liabilities for contingent consideration are added to or reduce the (acquisition) cost. In the Group, transaction costs are expensed and changes in liabilities for contingent considerations are entered as income or expense.
Dividends received are recognised as income.
Instead of IAS 19, the Swedish Act on Safeguarding Pension Obligations is applied in the Parent Company when calculating defined benefit pension plans. The most significant differences compared to IAS 19 are the method for determining the discount rate, that the defined benefit obligation is calculated based on current salaries without assuming future salary increases and that all actuarial gains and losses are recognised in profit or loss as they occur.
The Parent Company recognises untaxed reserves including deferred tax liabilities, rather than dividing them into deferred tax liabilities and equity as is done for the Group.
A Group contribution received from a subsidiary is recognised in the Parent Company according to the same principles as a received dividend, i.e. as financial income. A Group contribution paid from a Parent Company to a subsidiary is recognised as an increase in interests in subsidiaries, or the Group contribution paid can be recognised in the Parent Company income statement. Shareholder contributions are recognised directly in the equity of the recipient and are capitalised in the contributor's shares and interests, insofar as no impairment is required. Because the Parent Company Addtech AB already recognised received Group contributions in the same way as dividends, this does not involve any change from the existing application.
Recommendation RFR 2 from the Swedish Financial Reporting Board was applied to financial guarantee contracts, so rules in IAS 39 for recognising and measuring financial guarantee contracts benefiting subsidiaries were not applied.